Imagine: Being surrounded by endless plains with miles of green grass and Baobab trees that is measured 60 feet tall and 40 feet across, they have a life span of 1000-6000 years old. These trees are believed to have lived more that any creature on earth.
Also, Giant elephants, black rhinos, giraffes, big jawed lions will gaze consistently at your safari jeep as it rolls past them. You will also have a clear view of 1000 Hippotamus in a distance enjoying the hippo pool, while looking out for wild beasts.
While enjoying these beautiful creatures, you will get a chance of viewing Africa’s tallest single free-standing Mount Kilimanjaro in a distance also known as “shy mountain” because it hides itself in the clouds. It’s an incomparable experience you’ve never seen in your entire life. Africa is a large-sized continent with its unique Natural wonders, let along too many to be counted. Africa is a large continent and I know for sure It will be tricky to make the best decisions when planning for your safari; Tanzanian’s endless plains – Serengeti National Park has to be on your bucket list this year. Do you need to know why?
Here is to the six reasons as to why Serengeti National Park is known as the best African safari park.
1. The greatest wilderness areas in the world.
Every morning you look at the Serengeti plains, it provides a magnificent diversity and abundance of animals moving around, sunrise colors are different which gives new experience and privileges while Serengeti plains. It’s the most tremendous place of countless of biodiversity.
Numerous famous predators: elephants, grant gazelle, hippo, black rhinos (although these are rarely spotted) zebras, wildebeests, honey badgers, buffalo, leopards (which are just regularly spotted), giraffes, crocodiles, impala, kongoni, Topi and eland. More than 1000 species of big five are increasing each moment and the list just goes on and on, this is why its quoted that “Serengeti shall not die”-Frankfurt Zoologist
You can expect excellent lion and cheetah sightings (and exciting lion killings off Couse), Other predators like serval cats, golden and black-backed jackal, African wild dog and spotted hyenas will be clearly seen. With more than 500 species of beautiful colored birds roaming around the endless plains of the Serengeti which is densely populated with beautiful beasts and creatures on earth.
The park covers overs an area of 30,000 square kilometers (therefore the size of Serengeti is 12,000 square miles) Thus, a number of animals you’ll witness is unreal for sure.
2. The Great Wildebeest Migration
This is the Africa greatest wildebeest migration ever before, every spring the Great Migration begins with more than 2 million concentration of wildebeests, they tend to have a quick birth where in the midnight of 3 week they born over quarte a million calf are born while 500 beasts born every hour which becomes the highest population ever made on the planet.
The migration is well believed to be an ancient ritual. It is believed that these amazing creatures migrated more that 2000 miles in these same lands (Traveling north from Serengeti to Maasai Mara in Kenya) some one million years ago.
More than quarte a million gazelles, 250,000 zebras, and a variety of antelopes join the migration (also give birth to animals give birth to their young in the same month, and the calf start running within the two day after birth) and then begin their round trip across plains and savannas, resting rivers and streams then regroup to their destination back and forth towards Serengeti.
Migration is a long and terrible safari to these wildebeest because on the way countless animals die. When herds stop to drink predators like lions, leopards, crocodiles tend to attack and feast them, picking off the young or the weak from the herd also some die from starvation and dehydration.
3. Experience the majestic Big Five
The Big Five Includes Leopards, lions, buffalo, elephants, and rhinos, “BIG” does not necessarily mean size. The term “big five game” (usually capitalized or quoted as “Big Five”) was named/labelled by big-game hunters and refers to the most dangerous and difficult yet most popular species in Africa to hunt and kill on foot. History changed since then and the name became most popular to tourists, hunters, poachers, tour guides.
Brief detailed explanation of the big Five:
One of the African’s biggest cats, these beautiful beasts can be black, or white and cream-colored mixed with black spots. They only live in the wildest variety of habitants. They tend to stash their prays in streets of Serengeti plains to keep hyenas from stealing it at night and during daylight, they are very dangerous and hid at night hence making them difficult to find.
They are also known as the king of the jungle and the whole of savannah plains. Tanzania leads Africa with highest number of lion’s population with about 40% of the continents 20.000. Also, Numbers of lions have been on decline in recent years
lions are twice bigger in size than leopards, Lions skulk about in tall grasses and shrubs, using the underbrush as natural camouflage until they erupt from their hiding spot, taking their prey by surprise.
- Cape Buffalo
They are not easy prey; they can charge at 35 mph. These Cape buffalo are also known as water buffaloes, there tend to walk in group of few 100 to few 1000. Most of these are females, male live apart in bachelor from age of 4 People have tried to domesticate them but failed, mostly cape buffalos with low bow are the most dangerous and unpredictable. They live in long socked water areas. They have killed more hunters per year than any dangerous largest mammal in Africa plains.
They roam in herds through 37 countries in African and also, they are the largest living mammals that walk on land, they are 50 feet away. Mother elephants are very protective and travel with to their young ones across the savannah. Good rough estimate to tell how old baby elephants, is when they reach the height of their mothers’ belly that’s when African’s predict that they are 1 year old, these incredibly intelligent herbivores have been hunted for decades because of the value of ivory, though it has been illegal to do so since 1973. Elephants biggest threats are Lions blending into the grass to hunt elephants
- Black Rhino
By 2016 it was discovered that; they were 3,600 in number, which by far they dropped 95% since 1960. Southern white rhinos are 20,000 also, northern white rhinos are 3. They lived far back for 23 million years. They both have two thick horns cultivate from the skull and also have thick skin, despite of their massive weight of 1,760 to 3,090 pounds, they can run 40 miles per hours but can’t maintain speed for long. They also have bad eyes sight but have highest sense of smell.
4. Diversity of Ecosystems
The most famous wildlife grassland lies just south of the equator around the plateau between the great rift valley on the east and Lake Victoria on the west, spending over 3000 kilometers in Tanzania but a portion extends in Maasai Mara reserve in Kenya.it has a moderate climate with warm climate in the day and warm in the night. Experience long rains (March-May) and short rains in (October-November). What makes this region such a hospitable home to so many different kinds of wildlife herds i.e. 500 birds’ species and 70 animals’ species are the diversity of its ecosystems. There problems in Serengeti plains where poachers kill 100,000 elephants and rhinos to get horns.
There were 200,000 lions existed but now the number has dropped to 25,000 lions left because some are killed by hunters and poachers also, because the Maasai population is increasing and looking for settlement. Serengeti National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Another key element of the varied ecosystems is the abundant and diverse plant that can be found in the park. All of the guides who work there are extremely knowledgeable about the plant and animal life, and will be able to help you identify the amazing things that surround you.
5. There other unique species of animals
In addition to the throngs of creatures we’ve already mentioned, Serengeti National Park is home to some unique species of animals that you probably didn’t learn about in your high school biology class.
In the antelope family alone, there are a plethora of species with intriguing names. These four-legged explorers come in all shapes and sizes.
Here are a few different kinds:
- Dik diks
These are the smallest of the antelope but they are the largest of dik dik species. It has large eyes to see better at night, they can rest up on a warm heat of the day. They feed on plants also depend on water found in plants. They are territorial animals, they live a monogamous life where only men and female stay together, females are bigger than male and male dik dik have small horns. Being such a small creature, they can’t defend themselves from predators hence hide from bushes or run zig zag to escape from being hunted and killed.
is a lean, sleek mammal built for sustained speed up to 70km/hr. where its frightened by predators, it is also well known as the fastest antelope,
They look like a smaller and darker hartebeest, with higher forehead which is sloping to lower hindquarters, but it has a less-elongated head and with ordinary looking horns, which are similar in both They feed only grass with the most tender growth. They graze for a while and then rest and chew their cud before continuing feeding. These antelopes can go without water for long periods of time only if they have access to green pastures.
Mainly grazers, they consume types of coarse grass seldom eaten by other grazing animals and occasionally browse leaves from certain trees and bushes. Only the males have horns which are handsome, long and prominently ringed, sweeping backwards and up. The eyes and nose have beautiful white markings and it has a noticeable white collar under the throat line. They have a brownish grey shaggy coat with a lot of hair around their necks. Male waterbucks weigh 200 – 300 kg and Female waterbucks weigh 160 – 200 kg.
- Fringe-eared Oryx
They are large antelopes with long, spear-like horns species. They are a true desert animal, with a thick, horse-like neck; a short mane; and a compact, muscular body. A sub specie of east Africa Oryx. They are muscular with short and slander legs. Adults are 156 to 177 cms feet. They live in herds on deserts and dry plains of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. Oryxes are powerfully built and deep-chested with short necks, blunt muzzles, and long limbs.
They are very small antelope which are normally adapted to living on rocky area on the plains of Serengeti. They are very at home in the kopjes of Northern Serengeti. rock hopping through terrain. They are always adopted for life on high rocks slopes where they hide them selves away from predator from the rocky ledges, the uplifting rocks enables these small antelopes to spring from one rock to the other. They browse on vegetation growing on steep mountain slope
Hartebeest are large African antelopes. Its population size is 362,000, there life span is 12-15years, they weigh 100-200kgs, there height is 1M, there length is 200-240cm. Their distinctive features are particularly elongated forehead and oddly shaped horns, long legs (often with black markings), short neck, and pointed ears. The coat is generally short and shiny and varies in color according to subspecies. Hartebeest can be pale sandy-brown, reddish-brown, with a dark face, reddish tan, reddish to tawny, dark reddish brown or chocolate brown with fine spots of white. Hartebeest have preorbital glands (glands near the eyes) with a central duct, that secrete a dark sticky or in some subspecies colorless fluid. Both sexes have horns, with those of females being slenderer. Apart from their long face, the large chest and the sharply sloping back differentiate the hartebeest from other antelopes.
6. Means of Travel (jeep, sky, walking safari)
The park covers overs an area of 30,000 square kilometers (therefore size of Serengeti is 12,000 square miles) Thus, number of animals you’ll witness is unreal for sure.
While the most popular form of transportation in the park is by guided 4X4 safari jeep, there are other options available.
Some people choose to take a walking safari tour of the park, which allows you to get up close and personal with seeing excellent lion and cheetah sightings (and exciting lion killings off Couse)Other predators like serval cats, golden and black-backed jackal, African wild dog and spotted hyenas will be clearly seen with more than 500 species of beautiful colored birds roaming around the endless plains of the Serengeti which is densely populated with beautiful beasts and creatures on earth and scenery in a way that riding in a vehicle doesn’t.
Some companies even offer sky with more than 2 million concentration of wildebeests where you drift lazily above the grasslands and savannas in a hot air balloon. Some travelers claim that a sunrise over the Serengeti watched from a hot air balloon is the most beautiful thing they have ever witnessed.